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10 Tips for Shooting Minimalist Landscape Photography

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In today’s article you’ll learn ten top tips to produce the perfect minimalist landscape.
Read on to find out how to create minimalism in your photography today!

1. Best Locations for Minimalist Landscape Photography

Location is arguably the most important thing to consider. Certain places lend themselves to minimalist photography more than others.
It’s possible to create minimalism more or less anywhere with the right lens, and careful selection of composition. But visiting more remote locations will give you more options.

  • Coastal areas – Coastal areas will offer a clean sky, and a clear foreground. These are both useful when you’re looking to create minimalism.
  • Deserts – Similar to coastal areas, the sparsity of deserts lends them to minimalist landscapes.
  • Mountains – Mountains also have potential minimalist features. Not as ideal as coastal and desert areas, but you’ll still find good locations here too.
A beautiful minimalist landscape with a fisherman silhouetted against the sunset sky.
Coastal areas often work very well for minimalism. In this photo the fisherman is silhouetted against the sunset sky.

2. Compose Your Minimalist Landscapes Without Extra Elements

As mentioned earlier, photography is the art of subtraction. This concept can be readily applied to minimalist landscape composition. You’re really aiming to remove as many unwanted elements as you can, to keep the photo as open as possible.
Visiting the right location will help a lot, as you won’t need to deal with too many unwanted elements in the first place. But there are some composition tricks that will help too.

  • The rule of thirds – Generally used as a tighter crop. For minimalist images, compose slightly wider yet keep the same proportions in your photo. You’ll want a focal point in your photo, but it shouldn’t dominate the frame.
  • Expansive compositions – Include a large amount of negative space. This area of the image should dominate the whole photo. The main subject of the photo will be small, and will likely appear at the bottom of the frame. You can also compose it in the left or right third of the image, to keep within the rule of thirds. The remainder of the frame should be kept as clean as possible, to give the minimalist feel. This sometimes needs a background that has some texture and gradation to it.
A black and white minimalist landscape photography sot featuring a lone tree in water under a dramatic cloudy sky
Compositions that apply the rule of thirds can work very nicely.

3 – Using a wide angle lens

One of the best lenses for minimalist landscape photography is the wide angle, but you need to be in the right location. Using this kind of lens in a busy urban environment for instance will be challenging when it comes to producing minimalism.
To get the most out of this lens choose an environment that itself is minimal. Now when you open out to those wide focal lengths, you won’t need to deal with distracting elements coming into your frame.
A minimalist photo needs a strong subject to play off against those negative spaces though. With the wide angle lens you’ll need to be in a location where you can get physically close enough to your main subject.

A minimalist landscape photography sot featuring a lone tree in a desert under a clear blue sky
Wide angle lenses can work very well when you can get close to your main subject. Deserts are a prime location for this type of photography.

4. Using Lenses With Long Focal Lengths for Minimalist Landscapes

Minimalism is also possible with a lens that has a longer focal length. Using longer focal lengths allows you to compress a scene, focusing on a panel within the overall scene in front of you.
That means it’s easier to create minimalism, even if the location you’re photographing is generally cluttered. The trick is choosing an interesting enough panel. This is often about choosing a good focal point.
Unlike the wide angle lens, you’ll be able to photograph your main subject from some distance away. A longer focal length combined with a large aperture will also allow you to blur out the background, and create bokeh.
A smooth bokeh background, perhaps with some gradation through it, juxtaposed against a strong main subject will give you a good photo.

A minimalist landscape photography shot featuring a stone cross under a clear blue sky
This photo was taken at 300mm. Homing in on a particular portion of the scene work well for this photo.

5. Try Minimalist Aerial Landscapes

A great way to get a minimalist landscape is by photographing from above. Gone are the days you’d need to photograph from a plane window, or even hire a helicopter.
Now drones offer you this unique point of view, and it’s an extra string to a landscape photographer’s bow.
Once again you’ll need to find a good location to use your drone. If the area you’re photographing from above has too many features, minimalism will be hard to achieve.
Look for things like a road winding its way through a thick forest, where the tree canopy with provide texture and negative space.
Coastal areas where the sea meets the land are also good hunting grounds for minimalist landscapes taken using a drone.

An aerial view of a small boat in a coastal minimal landscape
An aerial view can often lead to some of the best minimalist landscape photos.

6. Pick a Striking Focus Point to Draw Viewer Attention

Within your minimalist landscape photo, the focal point is going to be the key to the image. That’s because you’ll likely remove all other elements from the image. That one main subject really needs to count.
You’ll also need to find a main subject that’s remote, and doesn’t have things surrounding it. Remember you’re going to need to include quite a large area around the main subject.
A few ideas for main focal points are as follows.

  • A lone tree – A classic in photography, and a great contender for the main subject in a minimalist landscape. You’ll need to find a tree that’s remote from other trees and ideally a mature well grown tree.
  • A building – A church standing on its own, or perhaps a farmhouse or barn make for a good main subject.
  • A jetty – For coastal photos, a jetty will provide a great leading line as you look out to the sea. This subject works well with a long exposure, to flatten out the water around it.
A creative shot of a minimalist landscape landscape within a crystal ball.
Adding the crystal ball to this scene created the focal point, and the landscape is within the ball.

7. Stick to Less Colors to Increase the Minimalist Feel of Your Images

In addition to removing extra objects and buildings from your frame, you can also look to reduce the number of colors. The reason why a high contrast black and white photo has a minimalist quality is precisely because of the lack of colors.
You’ll want to photograph a scene that contains two or three colors, any more and the frame starts to look busy and you’ll lose the minimalism.
An image that contains the blue sky, a green grass foreground, and a building would work well.
The craze around selective colors in photography was built around minimalism. A totally black and white landscape with a colored focal point could work too.

An aerial view of a luscious green minimalist landscape
In this photo the dominant color is green, with the focal point being the lone tree.

8. Focus on Silhouettes for More Interesting Landscapes

Silhouettes look great in photography. For your minimalist landscape photography they’ll work very well as the main subject. Whether you choose to silhouette a lone tree, people, or perhaps a building will depend on your scene.
This will work especially well at sunset, where you’ll get all the nice colors from the sky. You are not restricted to sunset though, any time of day when you photograph against the light will work.
The advantage of silhouettes is related to reducing the number of colors. These will always appear black in your frame. Added to this other foreground elements in your frame will likewise be black, adding further minimalism.

How to Photograph Silhouettes

Photographing silhouettes is relatively straightforward, you just need to follow these steps.

  1. Photograph into the light. You’ll need a strong background light against your main subject.
  2. Now set your exposure value as zero against the sky. This should ensure elements in the foreground become silhouettes against the sky.
  3. Make sure you are photographing at an angle. Ideally you want the whole object silhouetted against the sky. Photograph from a lower angle if needed, so you can aim upwards towards the sky.
Silhouettes of two people walking through a minimalist landscape at sunset
Flat lands in coastal areas are really good locations for silhouette photography.

9. Use Long Exposures for Better Minimalist Landscapes

Long exposure is a great technique to combine with minimalism. It can be used in a lot of locations where you’d photograph a minimalist landscape. It can also add to the minimalism of your photos.
In order to take long exposure photos you’ll need a tripod. If you’re photographing during the day you will likely also need an ND filter. This is best used in coastal areas, where long exposure can make water surfaces smooth and flat.
That flat water will now mirror the sky, making your photograph that much more minimalist. On a day with fast moving clouds, this can also be applied to the sky as well.

The statue of liberty under a cloudy sky - minimal landscape photography
The statue of liberty is a popular tourist destination. That doesn’t mean it can’t be photographed in a minimal way though.

10. Best Time for Minimalist Landscape Photography

Visiting a location at the correct time of day can also have an impact on your photo. If you visit a popular location in the middle of the day, there are likely to be crowds of people there.
Those crowds of people, especially if they stand near your main subject, will make the photo much busier. On the other hand if you’re looking to photograph people walking against a sunset sky, visiting when people will be around is a good idea.
Knowing where the sun will be is also a factor. Should you want to photograph silhouettes you’ll need the sun in front of you.

Silhouettes of two people sitting on rocks sunset - minimalist nature photography
The silhouette against the sun made a superb focal point in this photo.


Landscape photography is popular among many photographers, and many more also aim for minimalism in their work.
Today’s article gives you an idea of how you can combine these two areas of photography effectively, and in one image.
Do you enjoy photographing minimalist landscapes? What approaches do you use to get successful results?
We’d love to see your photographs in the comments section, and as always please share your opinion.

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